Proving the safety case for hydrogen

The scale of the future hydrogen society will be determined by success in managing safety
HyStreet spadeadam

Contact us:

Jørg Aarnes

Jørg Aarnes

Global Lead Hydrogen and CCS

Jason Goodhand

Jason Goodhand

Global Business Lead Storage

For hydrogen to gain broad acceptance and adoption – in domestic settings and for new applications beyond current industrial uses – industry and regulators will need to prove the safety case.

DNV carries out safety analysis of hydrogen applications, experiments to obtain knowledge about consequences for full-scale incidents, and offers technical solutions to determine time- and cost-optimal solutions. We set and check requirements for safe and reliable design, construction, and use of hydrogen, deliver risk studies, and develop and support regulatory documentation.

Watch our panel discussion with experts from Northern Gas Networks (NGN), National Grid and DNV, where we debate the key issues for hydrogen safety

Services to energy and maritime industries

  • Full-scale experiments to study leakages and fire and explosion behaviour 
  • Quantitative risk assessments (QRAs) and HAZID studies, for onshore and maritime applications, such as:
    • Transportation and storage assets (hydrogen/natural gas/LNG/CO2)
    • Hydrogen systems and components on board maritime vessels
    • Hydrogen refuelling stations and maritime bunkering systems
    • Validation of fire and explosion models for quantitative risk assessments (QRAs) 
  • Risk-based technology qualification according to DNV Recommended Practice 
  • Development of odorants, metering, and analytical methods
  • Development of guidelines and standards for hydrogen safety and quality
  • Identifying safe limits for hydrogen in natural gas appliances
  • Review of concept designs of hydrogen carriers
  • Alternative design and arrangement analysis, and technology qualification of hydrogen systems onboard vessels.

Classification (maritime)

  • Certification of hydrogen materials and components for maritime vessels
  • Classification of hydrogen carriers and ships using hydrogen as fuel
  • Survey of hydrogen carriers and ships using hydrogen as fuel
  • Approval in Principle (AiP) for hydrogen-fuelled ship installations and hydrogen containment systems.

Contact us:

Jørg Aarnes

Jørg Aarnes

Global Lead Hydrogen and CCS

Jason Goodhand

Jason Goodhand

Global Business Lead Storage


Testing hydrogen safety on HyStreet

Three ordinary-looking houses built at DNV’s Spadeadam Research and Testing facility are playing a central role in multi-million-dollar tests to prove the safety case for hydrogen.

Handbook for Hydrogen-fuelled Vessels

A consortium of 26 leading companies and associations, led by DNV, has launched the “Handbook for Hydrogen-fuelled Vessels" to address the uncertainties surrounding hydrogen as ship fuel.


DNV is proving the safety case for a switch from natural gas to hydrogen in a domestic setting, as a partner in the H21 programme in the UK.


DNV joined several partners to assess the technical, regulatory and economic feasibility of a hydrogen fuel-cell coastal research vessel, and granted a Conditional Approval in Principle (CAiP).


DNV is investigating hydrogen purity and flame colourization as part of the Hy4Heat programme

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Our research

Download DNV technical and market reports related to hydrogen

Hydrogen Forecast to 2050

Get insights into factors crucial to scaling hydrogen, including policy, regulations, safety, and investment.

Repurposing onshore pipelines for hydrogen: Guiding operators through the re-evaluation process

Repurposing pipelines is essential to scaling hydrogen. How can it be done in practice?

Rising to the challenge of hydrogen economy

The outlook for emerging hydrogen value chains, from production to consumption

Blue Hydrogen in a Low-Carbon Energy Future

In this brief we explore the greenhouse gas footprint of different blue hydrogen processes and supply chains

Hydrogen as an energy carrier

Forecasts decarbonization driving significantly greater use of hydrogen for energy by 2050

Hydrogen – Decarbonizing heat

The benefits and challenges of hydrogen in decarbonizing

08 September 2022

HyTech consortium appointed by BEIS to support work on hydrogen for heating

The HyTech consortium will be led by DNV, the independent energy expert and assurance provider, in collaboration with Progressive Energy, Frontier Economics, Enertek International, Flex Process and Dave Lander Consulting to support BEIS (Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy) in the assessment of the feasibility, costs, and benefits of using 100% hydrogen for heating in the UK.

  • Power and renewables
12 July 2022

DNV will aid Energinet TSO with critical knowledge on PtX (Power to X) and Denmark’s progression with EU’s green deal strategy

Outcomes will support the energy transition and prepare Danish infrastructure for future use, including anticipated energy exports to Europe. Aim is that completion of the Danish Green Deal framework will contribute to the EU’s Green Deal on decarbonizing energy transmission and allow for the transport of hydrogen and other PtX gases.

  • Power and renewables
06 April 2022

DNV to class commissioning service operation vessels prepared for hydrogen operations

At the Nor-Shipping trade fair, DNV signed a classification contract for two new Commissioning Service Operation Vessels (CSOVs), ordered by the Norwegian pure play offshore wind operator Edda Wind. The vessels will be built at Colombo Dockyard in Sri Lanka and are designed for service operations during the commissioning and operation of offshore wind farms and are prepared for hydrogen operations. They are scheduled to be delivered under the Norwegian Flag in January 2024 and July 2024.

  • Maritime
More news from DNV about hydrogen

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