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Availability of green and blue ammonia in 2030 to 2050

Ammonia has attracted wide interest as a source of zero-emission fuel for shipping.

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Ammonia does not contain carbon and can be CO2 emission-free under the right circumstances. Almost all ammonia in use today is made from hydrocarbons, and as such confers no carbon abatement advantage. Hence, new production capacity for green or blue ammonia needs to be added. There is, however, a risk related to sufficient supply of green/blue ammonia at key trading ports around the world, also taking into account competing end uses for ammonia, such as its use in power plants and for producing hydrogen and fertilizers. The present foresight study is conducted to assess the supply and demand of green and/or blue ammonia in the years 2030, 2040, and 2050.