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Explore our special reports

In addition to the Energy Transition Outlook main report, you can explore our special reports. 

Pathway to Net Zero Emissions

This report sets out a detailed pathway for achieving a net-zero energy system by 2050 to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees. 

Whilst our Energy Transition Outlook is our forecast of the most likely energy future, leading to 2.2 degrees warming, the Pathway to Net Zero report is our detailed blueprint for limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees. 

We show how that target can still be hit within the bounds of technical and political feasibility, and within the context of mainstream economic growth forecasts. With emissions still rising, however, the chances of hitting that target are remote – but not impossible.

Maritime Forecast to 2050 

The 7th edition of our Maritime Forecast to 2050 report takes a deep dive into shipping’s decarbonization journey, providing an overview of key regulations, fuels and technologies.

Highlights include:

  • An examination of the impact of the latest regulatory developments from the IMO and EU
  • An overview of how an eco-system for carbon-neutral fuels can develop
  • A deep dive into selected technologies that can drive greater energy efficiency in the maritime industry
  • A three-step approach for value chain stakeholders to create green shipping corridors

Transport in Transition 

Shipping, aviation and road transport today account for almost 25% of overall emissions. We forecast this to rise to 30% by 2050 although total emissions from transport almost halve. The central difficulty for transport is that much of it will remain fuel-dependent, even though 78% of all road transport will be electric by 2050. 

  • How will biofuels develop for the aviation and maritime industry? 
  • What will be the role of hydrogen and hydrogen-based fuels and e-fuels? 
  • What other areas of transport will electrify and what new infrastructure are we likely to see? 
  • How can sectors work together and what are the policies needed to accelerate the energy transition of transport?

Hydrogen Forecast to 2050 

DNV’s first dedicated hydrogen forecast to 2050 provides new and expanded hydrogen findings from our Energy Transition Outlook model – exploring the outlook globally, regionally, and by sector.

  • When, where and by how much will hydrogen scale?
  • In which sectors will hydrogen and derivatives be used?
  • How will hydrogen be transported and traded?
  • What will be spent on hydrogen through to 2050?

Regional reports 

The Energy Transition Outlook includes a forecast for ten global regions. You find the regional reports from page 133 in the main report (chapter 8):

  • North America 
  • Latin America 
  • Europe 
  • Middle East and North Africa 
  • Sub-Saharan Africa 
  • Indian Subcontinent 
  • Greater China 
  • South East Asia 
  • North East Eurasia 
  • OECD Pacific


Country reports

In addition to the regional reports included in the Energy Transition Outlook, we have made a deep-dive report for the following countries:

Technology Progress Report 2021

Explores how ten key energy transition technologies will develop, compete, and interact in the coming five years.

Financing the energy transition 2021

DNV’s Financing the Energy Transition research focuses on the financial opportunities and challenges for financiers, policymakers, developers, and energy companies