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Cyber Resilience in Practice: The evolution of cyber security and cyber resilience in Industry 5.0

With changes on the horizon impacting the way businesses worldwide navigate cyber security, Rajeev Panicker, Business Head – Cyber Security & Privacy Services at DNV India & Middle East sheds light on the evolving cyber security and resilience landscape.

The rapid advancement of technology has reshaped various aspects of our lives, inexorably changing how we live, work, and interact. With the fifth industrial revolution, Industry 5.0, on the horizon, there is a pressing need to understand new technologies and the evolution of industry paradigms. At the heart of this discourse are cyber security and cyber resilience, which have become crucial aspects of our digital world.  

In Industry 4.0, we saw the integration of Big Data, IoT, and intelligent machines to boost productivity. However, this also created opportunities for cyber threats. In contrast, Industry 5.0 focuses on sustainable production, placing emphasis on energy efficiency and self-sufficiency. These changes require robust cyber security measures to protect against potential vulnerabilities.  

Cyber resilience brings together business resilience, organizational resilience, information systems security, and cyber security, ensuring operations continue smoothly despite cyber-attacks, natural disasters, or economic downturns. In other words, cyber resilience ensures that an organization can continue its operations with minimal downtime, regardless of external threats. 

An effective cyber resilience program is essential in today's global landscape due to escalating cyber threats, heightened reliance on technology, especially in critical infrastructure- tightened privacy and data protection regulations, and the increased convergence of IT and OT systems.  

Achieving cyber resilience requires a comprehensive approach that involves several key steps. It is important that organizations follow a structured and logical approach to attain cyber resilience. Including:  

  • Risk assessment: Conduct a thorough risk assessment to identify vulnerabilities and potential threats to the organization’s information systems. 
  • Prevention and mitigation strategies: Implement robust cyber security software and tools, such as firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and antivirus software. Regularly update these tools to ensure they remain effective. 
  • Detection and incident response: Establish a system for detecting and responding to cyber incidents. This includes vigilant monitoring systems, including IT, instrumentation, and SCADA systems, for suspicious activity, investigating incidents, and taking swift and appropriate action to contain and mitigate the damage. 
  • Training and awareness: Educate employees about cyber security best practices. This includes training them on how to identify and report suspicious activity, how to use security tools effectively, and how to respond to cyber incidents. 
  • Business continuity planning: Develop a business continuity plan that outlines how the organization will continue to operate in case of a cyber incident. This includes identifying critical business functions, establishing backup systems, and regularly testing plans. 
  • Collaboration and information sharing: Work with other organizations and government agencies to exchange insights about cyber threats and best practices. This can help organizations stay up to date on the latest threats and improve their cyber security standpoint  

However, rapid business growth, emerging pandemic scenarios, sophisticated threats using AI, and a lack of suitable tools and technologies present significant challenges in achieving cyber resilience. To overcome these challenges, collaboration between cyber security and IT teams is crucial. Aligning priorities, enhancing network visibility and fostering a unified approach can bolster cyber resilience. 

It is essential to remember that cyber resilience is an ongoing process that requires continual monitoring, evaluation, and refinement. By following these steps, you can ensure that your organization is well-equipped to withstand and rebound from cyber incidents. 

3/15/2024 12:00:00 PM

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Rajeev Girija Somasekhara Panicker

Rajeev Girija Somasekhara Panicker

ICT Sector Head, India , Lead Auditor & Trainer - ICT