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Assessment of the regulatory framework of bidirectional EV charging in Europe

V2X enablers and barriers

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DNV, in collaboration with smartEN, conducted a study addressing Europe's growing need for energy system flexibility. While large-scale storage solutions dominate discussions, the report emphasizes the often overlooked significance of small-scale solutions, particularly Bidirectional Charging (V2X/V2G). This technology transforms electric vehicles into Decentralized Energy Resources (DERs), crucial for integrating renewables and achieving a clean energy transition.

The study assesses the regulatory frameworks in 11 European countries, focusing on EV and charging development, regulatory policies, market considerations, and grid/system aspects. It underscores the vital role bidirectional charging plays in unlocking flexibility from electric vehicles, offering insights to guide widespread commercial adoption.

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