Risk qualification framework
Safety 4.0 will enable and accelerate the uptake of novel subsea solutions, leveraging a new risk qualification framework based on a generic subsea risk picture with regulations taken as the starting point.
The framework will enable industry players to quicker demonstrate whether a new solution is ‘as good as or better than’ existing, traditional solutions, providing decision makers the confidence needed to choose the novel technology. Safety demonstration will be standardized by reusable, generic safety arguments and, with a modular approach, capturing the effect of changes on any system level, without the need for a full reassessment of the whole system.
The framework will provide practical guidance on applying the new risk model, ‘the consequences of the activities, with associated uncertainty’ – as compared with the previous ‘risk means probability x consequence’. Also, the framework will facilitate the investigation of systemic failures stemming from the interaction between the components in a system. DNV also aims at developing methods to utilize monitoring and data from the operational phases, to allow for potential changes in design and more effective operation.
The project brings together both operators, contractors, academia, and the Petroleum Safety Authority to develop this framework from a set of industry-relevant user cases.
In Safety 4.0, DNV is examining the business opportunities presented by “All-electric technology”, allowing operation of safety-critical valves via electric power rather than hydraulic power. This has the potential to reduce CAPEX and OPEX as well as the risk of environmental spills, and enables greater online monitoring capabilities.
Increased integration of technologies - for instance, physically sharing hardware components such as sensors and control elements - also has further potential to reduce cost. Better use of sensors through monitoring and diagnostics can contribute to more effective and cheaper safety validation during operations.
Safety 4.0 is also covering safety demonstration for subsea systems using an American Petroleum Institute (API) recommended practice as a starting point. This will ensure that the developed framework can be used in regulatory regimes also outside Norway.