Sufficient and secure energy is the main enabler for welfare and economic development of a society. As energy-related activities have significant environmental impacts, it is indispensable to provide an energy system which covers the needs of the economies and preserves the environment.
Fundamental structural changes in the energy sector, called energy transitions, occur worldwide. Motivation, objectives and priorities for implementing energy transitions differ, but could mostly be related back to the Energy Trilemma. Securing the energy supply, increasing competitiveness by using least-cost approaches, environmental concerns or a mixture of these aspects are the main drivers.
The diversification of technologies and resources, now applied in the energy sector, creates many opportunities, but the enlarged complexity also leads to increased challenges. With the existing level of volatility, relying on solid facts and data as basis for strategic decision making by the relevant stakeholders, such as governments, international organisations and companies, is becoming even more important than in the past.
In principal, the need for solid foundations is nothing new. In 1923, the founders of the World Energy Council came together to better understand the reality of the energy landscape. One of the most-established flagship programs is the Survey of Energy Resources (SER). The first edition of the SER was published in 1933. Since then this report has been released during the World Energy Congress. World Energy Resources 2016 is the title of the new publication and in fact is the 24th edition, celebrating 83 years of existence.
The reputation and value of the study rests on three main factors: the study presents unbiased data and facts from an independent and impartial organisation, it covers the technological, economic and environmental aspects of conventional and renewable sources, and it provides assessments on global, regional and country levels prepared by an international network of respected experts. The quality of the report has been further enhanced by the collaboration with a number of international organisations and companies in our Knowledge Networks. In particular, IRENA for renewable energy technologies and the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and natural resources on fossil and nuclear fuels data.
The report includes 13 chapters, which cover oil, gas, coal, uranium & nuclear, hydro power, wind, solar, geothermal, marine, bioenergy, waste-to-energy and two crosscutting topics, energy storage and CC(U)S. Each of the chapters follow a standard structure with sections on definitions and classification, technologies, economics and markets, socio-economics, environmental impacts, outlook and data tables by countries. DNV is the lead author of the concluding E-storage Chapter.